Honoring JAs torn from homes

Photo credit:Dianne Kiyomoto. 

Sammy Nakagawa (318-4-C) at 2011 Poston III reunion with Babe Karawawa (322-7-D)
 By Jodie Reyna, The Reedley Exponent
November 26, 2013 
      Sammy Nakagawa (318-4-C) of Reedley was 12 years old in August 1942 when his family was forced into a Japanese concentration camp in Poston, Arizona during World War II. The temperature in the Arizona desert was over 120 degrees. This was his new home.
      It was the spring of 1942, after the signing of Executive Order 9066 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, that the U.S. government began relocating American citizens of Japanese ancestry as well as their immigrant (issei) parents living in California and other states on the Pacific coast. Their new “homes” would be behind barbed wire.
      Memories of the concentration camp came flooding back to Nakagawa and other Japanese-Americans from Reedley who attended the November 19, 2013 dedication of a memorial tower built at Simonian Farms in Fresno.

Simonian's "Soul Consoling Tower"
      The tower was built to honor of the more than 120,000 Japanese-Americans living in the United States who were forced into 10 concentration camps in the interior part of the United States rapidly constructed in the desolate and isolated areas following Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941. 
     Sammy Nakagawa, now 83, was accompanied at the ceremony by his wife, Grace. “I think this is one of the ways they are repaying us,” he said of the memorial.  “Now, others can learn about the hardship that we had to go through.  A lot of people don’t know what happened to the Japanese during WWII and that a bulk of those incarcerated were U.S. born American citizens.”
      The memorial tower is constructed entirely of 70-year-old Poston, Arizona concentration camp wood from the barrack. The tower rises more than 25 feet with three Japanese language written characters, translated to read, “Soul Consoling Tower.”  It was taken from the inscription on a memorial located at the Manzanar concentration camp in eastern California.
Dennis Simonian
      Simonian Farms owner, Dennis Simonian, age 70, said he built the memorial to honor five local Fresno-Clovis Japanese families who mentored him at the age of 16, when he first started his fruit sales business.  This was after WWII, and Simonian said, they instilled in him values and a work ethic that helped make him a successful businessman. Those five Japanese families lived in WWW II concentration camps, and were his "heroes". Simonian did not learn about the American concentration camps until recent years, after attending the funerals of several of Japanese American friends who were born in a "camp". He had not learned about the camps in school.      

     Although Sammy Nakagawa was not in one of the five families honored, he was invited to the dedication ceremony since he was incarcerated at Poston camp III, where most Japanese families from Reedley and the surrounding areas were imprisoned. Approx-imately 5,000 people lived in that camp.
      As a 12-year-old, Nakagawa said he didn’t realize the depth of the situation. “I was so young, I didn’t know any better.  My parents did the bulk of the worrying,” he said.
      The Nakagawa family was incarcerated for almost three years, during which time Sammy Nakagawa attended school at Poston – from the 7th grade through his freshman year in high school.  He said the curriculum in the camps taught about “the American way,” which he felt was hypocritical considering their circumstances.

      Although the children at the camp were kept busy, Nakagawa said his time in the camp felt like an eternity, especially during the dust storms and hot temperatures typical of Arizona. “For us young kids, we were not angry because we didn’t know the whole story like our parents did,” he said. “For us young kids, we were not angry because we didn’t know the whole story like our parents did,” he said.  “Our parents didn’t know what was going to become of us – whether we were going to be eradicated or executed.  They just did what they were told and came out OK.  They were all in the same boat.”
      Nakagawa said he longed to return home. “We couldn’t get out.  It was like a big jail,” he said.  “I didn’t know if I would ever see our home again.”
      When the Japanese internees were finally released from the camps, Nakagawa said his family was lucky because they had a ranch to return to. A family friend looked after their property while the Nakagawas were gone.  Some families were not so fortunate. “Some families lost everything.  A majority had no place to go,” Nakagawa said.
      Although grateful to be back home, Nagakawa was immediately faced with a new battle.  Orosi business owner Franklin Abe (305-11-B) called it the “war of bigotry” which continued following return at home. Abe was one of three speakers at the dedication event.
      When Nakagawa returned to classes at Reedley High as a teenager, he experienced prejudice from some classmates, he said: “They gave me a bad time.  Some said they wanted me to go back to the camp.  I just ignored them.”
      Not everyone was so cruel, Nakagawa said.  Many longtime friends and neighbors stuck by his family, which is the primary reason that Nakagawa chose to remain in Reedley. He and his wife raised their three daughters here.
      Nakagawa still lives with his wife on the same Reedley ranch that his parents purchased in 1934. As he grew older, Nakagawa said he felt resentment about the incarceration, but that resentment has now disappeared. Still, he said, “I don’t understand why we were put in the camp.  We were Americans. We could have done more good out of the camp than in the camp.  We could have helped out a lot more.  We had doctors, teachers – these were all good people.”
      Despite what happened, Nakagawa kept a strong affection for the United States, a country he also fought for. Between 1951 and 1955, Nakagawa served in the United States Air Force during the Korean War. He flew 30 missions over Korea in a B-29 aircraft.
      Stan Hirahara, the president of the Reedley Japanese American Citizens League, also attended the dedication ceremony at Simonian Farms.  Hirahara – who was born in an concentration camp in Heart Mountain, Wyoming in 1945 – expressed heartfelt emotion about the Soul Consoling Tower. “It’s important to remember the incarceration of the Japanese people so that something like that never happens again,” Hirahara said. “It was such a mistake by the United States government that a redress was passed in 1986 and the government issued an apology.”
      Former Reedley native Dianne Kiyomoto (Poston Community Alliance Board Member)  – whose mother and grandparents lived in a concentration camp in Poston camp III (305-5-A, 305-11-C) – is assembling a directory, listing everyone who was in the Poston camps.  She said it’s an effort to preserve this information for future generations, since many of those who lived in the concentration camps are now dead.      In the process of gathering data, Kiyomoto said she learned that Reedley was initially considered a safe haven for many Japanese-Americans during the war because it was primarily a Mennonite community, and most Mennonites did not choose sides.
      She said many people of Japanese descent who lived along the California coast flocked to Reedley in hopes of avoiding incarceration.  In the long run, however, almost all Japanese people living in California were forced into camps. (Exception: Terminally ill.)

      At the recent dedication ceremony, owner Dennis Simonian said in his speech: “Every day, I fly 26 American flags at my business, and I am a proud Army Veteran.  But there are times when I have not agreed with what my country has done. I hope to create an awareness of what the government did to the Japanese people.  It was not right. This monument was built for everyone who lived in the concentration camps. I am hoping for the cleansing and healing of souls.”

Source: http://www.reedleyexponent.com/articles/2013/11/26/news/doc5295045477e01420825196.txt


Letters from Poston....

Domo arigato gozaimasu to Naomi (Tokunaga) Sims of Illinois who donated a collection of letters written to her mother, Miss Marietta Ando who lived in Colorado.  There are several letters written in Japanese from Hatsuko Yasuda (318-3-D), and Hatsuye Shigetomi (14-11-A and 31-10-D), as well as several letters written from the same girls addressed to Miss Tamae Ando.
                 This one is interesting. 
 It appears to be written on a Poston stationery!

This appears to be a Christmas card,
 perhaps printed at the Poston Print Shop?


UPDATE: Poston barrack wood

"The internment of Japanese-Americans about 70 years ago should remain forever etched in people’s minds, so as not to be repeated ", said  Franklin Abe (Poston 305-11-B), a longtime Tulare County businessman and former Poston, Arizona camp 3 prisoner.

     Dennis and Bonnie Simonian dedicated a very special 25 foot high permanent obelisk tower, named the "Soul Consoling Tower" as a memorial to all Japanese-Americans who endured the forced removal from their homes and years of incarceration during WW II. The tower was completed earlier this year in April and the public Dedication Ceremony was held at the Simonian Farms in southeast of Fresno, California on November 19, 2013.
     The incarceration of more than 120,000 people of Japanese ancestry living in the western states was the result of Executive Order 9066 signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 19, 1942. Nearly two-thirds of the prisoners were American citizens who were removed from their residence and neighborhoods and forced to live in wooden barracks in the desolate areas in the interior of the United States. The temperature was well over 125 degrees in August 1942 at the time when the Tulare County and Fresno County areas were evacuated to Poston, Arizona at camp 3.
      Simonian's "Soul Consoling Tower" is constructed from the WW II Poston, Arizona concentration camp barrack wood by Daniels Wood Products in Paso Robles, a Tree House contractor.  Many truckloads of the barrack lumber was transported out from the Parker Valley in Arizona.   
     Dennis Simonian sought recommendations on the concept of his very emotional project from several local Japanese Americans with a personal interest in the Poston, Arizona concentration camp: Robert Shintaku (Poston 219-2-C), Rev. Sab Masada, Mrs. Marion (Nakamura) Masada (211-1-B), and Dianne Kiyomoto, who collectively, have experience with the local Assembly Center projects, incarceration at Poston, Arizona, or serve as Poston Community Alliance Board Members. 
      Regarding the tower, “It’s open at the top. The hope is that visitors will even feel a symbolic loss of their own freedoms for a moment or two,” the plaque reads. “But as they look to the open sky, there’s a message of hope, a hope that a free future is near, a veritable light at the end of the dark tunnel that one leaves behind them, but never forgets!”
     "An obelisk built from the very same wood that once held our fellow Americans captive is a compelling concept,” it says on the plaque. “Our design takes it a couple steps further by allowing observers the opportunity to also be surrounded by the same wood as they enter into the structure and try to imagine the feelings the Japanese-Americans must have shared, feelings like claustrophobia, and that there’s no way out, and betrayal by their fellow Americans as they were denied the same freedom that the rest of America was fighting for,” part of the plaque reads.
      Franklin Abe said his father purchased the ranch in 1939, which has since evolved into Abe-El Produce, located at 42143 Road 120, northwest of Orosi. The Abe family’s assets, including their land holdings, were taken care of by others while they were incarcerated. When they returned in 1945, the family was able to pick up where they had left off, and the transition was relatively easy.  However, many other Japanese-Americans weren’t so fortunate.  “A lot of these people didn’t even have a place to come back to,” Abe said. "These are events that should never be allowed to happen again", he added. “It was a bad situation,” Abe said, “but most of us made the best of it.”
     Abe, was born in Dinuba and graduated from Dinuba High School after returning home from the Poston incarceration ordeal.  When Dennis Simonian told him of his plans to build the Poston obelisk, Abe said he told him he definitely needed to bring it to the public’s attention.
    Dennis Simonian, now 70 year old, began farming when he was 16 years old, and bought fruit from local farmers to sell. The Simonian family has farmed at Clovis and Jensen Avenues, and began in 1901 when Bagdasar Simonian immigrated to the region from Armenia. Today, his descendants farm about 80 acres and produce more than 180 crops that are sold at the family-run fruit stand. 

     There were five Japanese-American families who taught Dennis Simonian a great deal about farming, and he feels like he owes them a tremendous debt of gratitude. Those five families, who served as mentors were: Shigeo (Kinuko) Hayashi (Gila, AZ), Masao (Hanako) Hayashi (Gila, AZ), Bob (Masako) Nakadoi Mochizuki (Tule Lake, CA), Ted (Irene) Takahashi (Poston 222-4-C), and Yosh (Yo) Takahashi (Poston 222-4-C).
      A plaque on the memorial reads, “These families were instrumental in teaching me, from the very young age of 16, the value of hard work, honesty, the importance of setting goals in life and becoming the farmer and person that I am today. They graciously shared their passion and knowledge of farming, regardless of the fact that I was a young and upcoming competitor in the retail produce business."

     ~Domo arigato gozaimasu, Mr. Dennis Simonian~
              ...We thank you...

"Thoughtful' reminder, Lumber from Japanese internment camp used to build tower" by Michael Miyamoto, Dinuba Sentinel. November 14, 2013 


Update: Poston Block Book series....

Poston Block books blogsite. 
 Hardcover and softcover options.

Click on 
"BLOCK BOOKS" on the left side of this screen.  
Look to see which Poston block books have been completed.  
Want a copy?  Information for ordering is provided.

Makes a unique historical gift!

Order copies for those who do not have internet access.

More blocks will be added to the site, so check back frequently.


What are the Poston, Arizona block books about?
Basically, the book is a "Who's Who" directory of the incarcerated people and where they lived within each block and barrack based on the 1944 Poston census. The book includes names and limited photos, and the marriages, births, deaths, location from where, and when some were taken by the F.B.I. from their homes, and when and where they went,  when they were told to "leave" Poston (and had no where to go, in many cases.)

The book tells of some of the students who were released to attend college, others who went outside of the camp fence for agricultural work in nearby states, and the Poston organization memberships and positions held, etc..  (Information mostly extracted from the Poston Chronicles and/or oral histories by the author.)

The goal of the book series is to let outsiders know that each person was a real person.   Most descendants have no idea WHO were living in the same block.  Those who were incarcerated did not talk about this traumatic episode in their disrupted their lives which occurred from 1942-1945.